The Japanese Never Received The Order...Monday 30th of May 2011 11:04:41 PM
The increìble history of the Japanese military Hiro Onoda
Onoda was trained and second lieutenant as intelligence officer for the Japanese in World War II ejèrcito, and surrendered heartily in 1974 (after almost 30 years of the tèrmino of the war) because it had not received the order to do so for all that time in the jungle. Onoda refused to surrender until the same officer that he gave the order to stay in the camp of the Philippine jungle, revoke you the order.
In 1949, Akatsu, one of the few men survivors of World War II who were fighting in the jungles of the islands of the Pacific Ocean, and not informed of the end of the war, came out of the jungle of the island of Lubang, the Philippines and surrendered to the Filipino troops. The reported other 3 soldiers in the jungle which were continuing the war, without being informed of the completion of the second world war.
Several attempts to persuade them to leave the jungle were unsuccessful. In 1952, the Asahi Shimbun famous reporter, shouted in the jungle for many days "the war is already finished." Out of the jungle please. ""
One of the soldiers of the Corps, out Shimada died on 7 May 1954, killed in a skirmish with Filipino troops. On October 19, 1972, the military called Kozuka was hit in the chest by a bullet and died.
After killing 2 soldiers in the jungle, the second lieutenant, Hiro Onoda, was the only surviving Japanese military in the island. Between 1972-73, the Japanese Government sent delegations consisting of the father and the brother of the military. In the jungle, distributed many brochures, books, newspapers and letters written by his father in his own handwriting addressed to his son in the jungle.
The father of Onoda viajò to Lubang with a Japanese delegaciòn to try to persuade to Onoda that the war had finished and return home.
The thought that everything was plot by enemies, because the members of the delegations were always of the Filipino soldiers accompanied.
In 1973, a young Japanese boy named Norio Suzuki came to the island to find the Japanese soldier. Finally found the military. The boy said "I am Japanese". "You are Mr. Onoda?" the Japanese military answers "Yes, I'm Onoda".
The military asked: "are you part of the Japanese Government?,"No, I'm only a tourist"." The young man tells him to "the war is over." Do not you want to Japan with me? "Not? see beautiful cherry trees of the homeland"
"!"No! no I cannot go back to Japan!. You do not understand it. I have not received orders to do so. The war is not over for me. If you want that I again Japan, tráigame the order! "But, it must be a formal part of the authorities in charge order."
As a good intelligence officer, the military was aware of what had happened for 30 years in Japan. The young Suzuki, amazed, asks: how has learned from all this?
"I have a transistor radio."
Norio Suzuki and Hiro Onoda in February 1974 on Lubang Island, rather than the decision to surrender. Suzuki holds his rifle.
When the Japanese military was in Japan, not manufactured portable radios to transistors in Japan or in any country. In December 1954, the Regency Division of Industrial Development Engineering associates of United States, launched the first radio stations to transistors to the North American market.
They bought for their radio transistors manufactured by Texas Instruments. Sony wanted to be the first manufacturer of radios to transistors but at that time, was a small manufacturer that lacked funds.
Sony was an unknown and was called Tokyo Telecom Industry. The Western Electric had the patent for the transistor. The Tokyo Telecom Industry bought the patent for the production of the transistor, but could not buy the know-how for the production of transistors. He made several tests failed to produce the transistors and in August 1955, launched the first radio stations to transistors in Japan. It was the only manufacturer in the world of both, the transistor radios and electrical components, transistors.
Many Japanese manufacturers began to manufacture portable radios to transistors, who came to conquer the markets of the world. During a few decades, the transistor radios were one of the most important articles of the export of Japan. They say that a President of a European country insulted the Japanese saying; "The Japanese are sellers of the transistor radios, and little else."
The military Onoda studied at the Nakano school for intelligence telecommunications and electricity activities which were the curriculum that is taught in school, but not taught him nothing to transistor radio that there were no.
One day, the he entered a House of the Islanders, and stole a transistor radio. He had a good stock of dry batteries.
When already being back in Japan, a television journalist asked: do you could believe it, when he heard the news of the trains bullet railway introduced in 1965?
Replied: "I do not doubted it." Technology is advancing. "The Japan already had the"Asia-go"trains in Manchuria before World War II."
Onoda, also replied to the journalist on another question: "Do understand you?" As it was a TV?
"I so understand perfectly." "In the 3 year of the Showa Era, Professor Takayanagi Kenjiroo was successful in an experiment in television in Tokyo."
The images of the TV of the Takayanagi Professor were not moving. However, the military believed that technology would advance. Also, in 1930, NHK (Japan Broadcasting Society) made a successful experiment in television in collaboration with the University of Waseda.
The Onada intelligence officer was a modern ninja of the 20th century. While in the jungle of the Lupang Island, he was aware of everything what was going on in Japan. He firmly believed that the soldier should be faithful to the order. To him, had been given 2 orders.
Stay on the island for the information of the enemy.
Stay on the island and continue guerrillas leading a band, until Japanese forces of relief to come. Lieut Onoda was faithful to the orders in the Lubang jungle for 30 years.
The Government of Japan commanded once again the delegation with Mr Taniguchi, who had been his commander in the Philippines. In the middle of the jungle, Mr Taniguchi you gave the official order to Lieut Onada completed operations and he he was notified of the cancellation of the order who had given him during the war. Thus, ended 30 years of the war in the jungle.
He had to do to the President of the Philippine Republic Ferdinand e. Marcos at the Presidential Palace. The President wanted to see the Japanese military as it had been found in the jungle, without being shaving and current clothes. The secret of Zara. Sub lieutenant apologized to the President for what he had caused to the filipinos. Also handed over to the President, with a military salute, his sword as a sign of surrender. The President received it but they sent her back to the Japanese military.
Delivering his sword to the President of the Philippines, Ferdinand Marcos on March 10, 1975. Marcos him retornò his sword.
March 12, 1974, Onoda came to the airport in Narita, Japan. In April the same year, he could see the beautiful cherry trees in Kainan, of his homeland, in Wakayama.
At the age of 54, he married Machie, a 38-year-old woman educated and cultured. Onoda had 24 years when he was given the order to stay in the jungle. Had spent almost 30 years there. Nearly 30 lost years of his life in a war already fictional, long ago finished.
The Emperor and the Prime Minister wanted to see him soon, but he visited all the graves of their dead colleagues. The Government of Japan paid him 1,000,000 Yen to compensate for 30 years of his service to the fatherland in the jungle.
The donated all the quantity received to the Yasukuni temple for peace of the fallen in the wars. Also released his autobiografìa: "No surrender: My thirty-Year War", in which detailed his life as a guerrilla in a war long ago finished. After his rendiciòn, Onoda reportò often be unhappy with all the attention given to èl, also you desanimò as unjustly changed the Japanese virtues of patriotism. It was then that in April 1975, siguiò the footsteps of his brother and was to Brazil, assuming a role in the local Japanese community.
In 1980, after reading that a teenage Japanese murdered his parents, Onoda had retornò to the Japòn, already in 1984 and Guzman Onoda Shizen Juku ("Onoda school Natural & quot") educational camp parala young people, which has various locations in Japòn.
Onoda became to see the Lubang island in 1996, donating $10,000 for the local school of Lubang. His wife, Machie Onoda, is leadership in the lìder of the conservative Association of Japanese women in 2006. Onoda spends 3 months per year in Brazil.